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The Defender, however, saw its major growth during the Great Migration and is credited as being a major catalyst for that movement of half a million blacks from the South to the North between and Abbott used black Pullman Porters and entertainers to transport his paper across the Mason-Dixon Line. Often after being smuggled to the South, it is estimated that many copies of the Defender were read by four to five African Americans, who passed it from person to person and read it aloud wherever blacks congregated.
Included in its pages were articles and editorials which tried to convince its oppressed southern readers to move north. Abbott even printed copies of train schedules and job listings to entice southern blacks to relocate. The black population of Chicago increased percent from to with plenty of support and encouragement from the Defender. The Defender grew with the migration north. By it became the first African American paper to reach a circulation of , copies and to achieve national circulation. By its circulation reached , copies per week. Throughout the years, the Defender had many notable columnists, including Walter White and Langston Hughes.
Langston Hughes and Race as Propaganda
It also published early works of poet Gwendolyn Brooks ; the first African American to win a Pulitzer Prize in any category. Stengstacke continued the fight for racial equality. At the time it was the largest black-owned daily newspaper in the world. Enlarge cover.
Langston Hughes' message for the black masses: Communication Quarterly: Vol 39, No 2
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- Langston Hughes and the Chicago Defender: Essays on Race, Politics, and Culture, 1942-62.
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Langston Hughes is well known as a poet, playwright, novelist, social activist, communist sympathizer, and brilliant member of the Harlem Renaissance. He has been referred to as the "Dean of Black Letters" and the "poet low-rate of Harlem. For twenty years, he wrote forcefully about international race relations, Jim Crow, the South, white supremacy, imperialism and fascism, segregation in the armed forces, the Soviet Union and communism, and African-American art and culture.
None of the racial hypocrisies of American life escaped his searing, ironic prose. This is the first collection of Hughes's nonfiction journalistic writings. For readers new to Hughes, it is an excellent introduction; for those familiar with him, it gives new insights into his poems and fiction. Get A Copy. Paperback , pages. Published July 1st by University of Illinois Press first published More Details Original Title.
- Langston Hughes and Race as Propaganda | SpringerLink.
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